How to Photograph Fireworks: Camera Settings & Tips

Whether it’s Independence day or New Years there are plenty of opportunities to capture fireworks throughout the year. In this article I’ll go over firework photography tips including the best settings for fireworks photos and what gear you’ll need. This guide is made for beginners and pros alike so no matter your skill level I’m hoping you learn something.

Example fireworks photo
Firework shot: 35 mm at ISO 200 and 0.8sec at ƒ/2.8 with Canon EOS R5

Typically firework shows can last 15 to 30 minutes so being prepared before hand will help you get the best shots. You’ll have very little time to fiddle with settings and gear.

Camera Settings for Fireworks

Now let’s get into the details of what camera settings to use for fireworks. Of course you’ll want to use a DSLR or mirrorless camera so you can control all of the settings.

Here’s a quick breakdown of camera settings for fireworks:

  • Use a tripod
  • Mode: Manual
  • Image Format: Shoot RAW
  • ISO: 100-400
  • Aperture: f/8-f13 (for brighter trails user a lower f-stop, for more color use a higher f-stop)
  • Shutter Speed: Bulb or 3-5 seconds (open the shutter right before the explosion)
  • Turn off Noise Reduction
  • Disable lens and sensor stabilization
  • Manually focus on something at the same distance of the fireworks before they launch

You’ll want to shoot using manual exposure and manual focus. This will ensure your camera settings don’t change when the firework shot starts. Manual focus is needed since autofocus will cause your camera to hunt for focus during the firework show.

Camera viewing fireworks

Now let’s go into detail of each setting for getting the best photos of fireworks.

Generally you’ll want to shoot RAW instead of JPEG which will allow you more editing flexibility in shadows and white balance.

Shooting in manual with a low ISO like ISO 100-200 will ensure your photos have little grain.

Experiment with different apertures but f/8-f/13 will give you darker richer colors while lower f-stops like f/2.8 will give you a brighter image. Just keep in mind your aperture will affect your shutter speed.

You’ll likely want to shoot with a shutter release and bulb, holding the shutter open when the firework goes off. Alternatively a 3-5 second exposure time will do the trick, just quickly note if your exposure too bright or dark while shooting to adjust on the fly.

There are also a few minor camera settings you’ll want to adjust. You’ll want to turn off your camera’s noise reduction since this process slows down shooting. Additionally turning off lens and sensor stabilization will ensure your camera doesn’t move during tripod shooting. You’ll likely want your lens to be in manual focus mode so you aren’t focus hunting during shooting. This can be done by focusing on something in the distance before they launch or focusing on the first firework then turning manual focus on.

And then you’ll just have to wait for the dark sky and for the show to start!

Keep reading for specific firework photography tips & tricks.

Firework Photography Tips

Now let’s go into detail of each settings to getting the best photos of fireworks.

1. Use a Tripod

To get the sharpest and cleanest shots you’ll need to use a tripod to reduce camera shake. This is extremely important because you’ll be doing 2+ second long exposures to capture all of the details of the fireworks. By dragging the shutter in photos the effect of the fireworks is pronounced.

2. Reduce Shaking by using a Remote Release

Every time you hit the shutter button there is a small amount of shaking that occurs. This is why using a 2-second delay or shutter release is essential. I found it really hard to time capturing the fireworks going off with a 2-second delay so I recommend a remote.

Most camera brands make remote shutter buttons for their cameras that allow you to simply plug them in and hit a button to trigger the shutter. This will make it easy to perfectly time your shutter opening when the firework explosion goes off. Alternatively most newer cameras will let you trigger the shutter using an app. Just make sure your phone is connected and ready to go before the firework shot.

Using bulb mode in your camera will allow you to hold the shutter for as long as a firework is exploding. So right before the firework is about to explode you can hold your remote’s release in bulb mode to capture the scene as the firework fades over a few seconds.

You’ll also want to disable lens and image stabilization in your camera so that they don’t add movements to your exposure.

3. Know Where the Fireworks Will Launch

This is important, since the firework show will go by quickly you’ll want to ensure your camera is setup and ready to go. Research where the fireworks will be set off, the wind direction, and knowledge of previous years angles. I would recommend looking up previous years fireworks on sites like Flickr.

Things like the wind direction will affect where fireworks launch and if smoke will clear. Ideally you want some light wind to clear out the smoke from the fireworks to keep your shots clean.

This will help you have an angle in mind and being prepared for the show. Knowing where the fireworks will go off also helps you achieve interesting angles and lining up foreground or background elements.

4. Try Different Focal Lengths

Depending on your composition trying different angles and focal lengths can lead to interesting shots. Especially if you’re viewing the fireworks with a large crowd you can try wide shots with people in the foreground. Alternatively trying telephoto lens or telephoto lens to compress landmarks with the fireworks. Keep in mind when you change your focal length some zoom lenses focus may shift.

You can also play around with your camera settings for to achieve unique effects like playing with depth of field. Just keep in mind playing with settings or changing lenses during the show can waste valuable time during the middle of the show.

5. Show Up Early

Some of the best vantage points for fireworks, especially in large cities will fill up with crowds hours in advance. It’s best to show up early so you can have room for your tripod and work out the best angle for your photos.

In Washington DC some of the best areas will be full of photographers hours before the show.

Crowds at Netherlands Carillon in D.C. by @abpanphoto

Firework Photography FAQ

Frequently asked questions about firework photography.

What camera do I need for firework photography?

You don’t need a specific camera for firework photography, but I recommended using a DSLR or mirrorless camera with a manual mode to adjust shutter speed, aperture, and ISO. My favorite camera brands include Canon, Sony, and Nikon.

What settings should I use for firework photography?

We’ve covered the in-depth settings for firework photography in this post, but here is a quick break down. Use a slow shutter speed of 3-5 seconds, a low aperture between f/8 and f/13, and a low ISO between 100 and 400. However, these settings may vary depending on the lighting conditions and the desired effect.

Do I need a tripod for firework photography?

Yes, a tripod is essential for firework photography as it helps to keep your camera steady during long exposures. I recommend using a sturdy tripod and a remote cable release (optional) to avoid camera shake.

Where is the best place to shoot fireworks?

The best place to shoot fireworks is from a high vantage point, such as a rooftop or a hill, where you can capture the fireworks against the skyline. You’ll want to arrive early to secure a good spot to avoid crowds.

How do I focus on fireworks?

To focus on fireworks, switch your camera to manual focus mode and set the focus to infinity. This ensures that your camera focuses on the distant fireworks rather than the surrounding environment. I typically focus on something near where I know the fireworks are being launched. Keep in mind that your focus may shift if you zoom your lens in or out.

Can I shoot fireworks with my smartphone?

Yes, you can shoot fireworks with a smartphone like an iPhone, but the results may not be as good as with a DSLR or mirrorless camera. It’s recommended to use a tripod and a third-party camera app with manual controls to adjust exposure settings.

How do I capture multiple fireworks in one shot?

To capture multiple firework bursts in one shot, use a slow shutter speed and keep the camera steady during the entire exposure. This will create a long exposure that captures multiple fireworks in one shot.

How do I edit my firework photos?

To edit your firework photos, you’ll want to shoot in RAW and use a photo editing software such as Adobe Lightroom or Photoshop. Adjust the exposure, contrast, and color temperature to enhance the fireworks and remove any unwanted noise or distractions from your shots. It’s a lot of fun to edit the light trails you’ve captured from the fireworks.

What should I avoid when shooting fireworks?

When shooting fireworks, avoid using a flash as it can wash out the fireworks and ruin the exposure. Also, avoid using autofocus as it may focus on the wrong subject and miss the fireworks.


I hope you found this guide to firework photography helpful! If you have any questions or tips for others let me know in the comments below.

Want to improve your travel photography?
Read: Travel Photography Tips

No matter if it’s New Year’s Eve or the 4th of July I wish you luck capturing the fireworks display.

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